Random Choice 随机选择

1.1.5: Random Choice 随机选择

通常,当我们使用数字时,偶尔也会使用其他类型的对象,我们希望使用某种类型的随机性。
Often when we’re using numbers, but also,occasionally, with other types of objects,we would like to do some type of randomness.
例如,我们可能想要实现一个简单的随机抽样过程。
For example, we might want to implement a simple random sampling process.
为此,我们可以使用随机模块。
To this end, we can use the random module.
所以,我们的出发点是,再次导入这个模块,random。
So the starting point is, again, to import that module, random.
让我们考虑一个简单的例子,其中列表中包含一组数字,我们希望从这些数字中随机统一选择一个。
Let’s think about a simple example where we have a set of numbers contained in a list,and we would like to pick one of those numbers uniformly at random.
在本例中,我们需要使用的函数是random.choice,在括号内,我们需要一个列表。
The function we need to use in this case is random.choice,and inside parentheses, we need a list.
在这个列表中,我将只输入几个数字——2、44、55和66。
In this list, I’m going to just enter a few numbers– 2, 44, 55, and 66.
然后,当我运行随机选择时,Python会将其中一个数字返回给我。
And then when I run the random choice, Python returns one of these numbers back to me.
如果我重复同一行,我会得到一个不同的答案,因为Python只是随机选取其中一个对象。
If I repeat the same line, I’m going to get a different answer,because, again, Python is just picking one of those objects at random.
关于随机选择方法,需要了解的一个关键点是Python并不关心所使用对象的基本性质
A crucial thing to understand about the random choice method is that Python doesn’t care about the fundamental nature of the objects that
都包含在该列表中。
are contained in that list.
这意味着,不用数字,我也可以从几个字符串中选择一个。
What that means, instead of using numbers,I could also be choosing one out of several strings.
让我们看看这是怎么回事。
So let’s see how that might work.
我要回到我的清单上。
I’m going to go back to my list.
我只想在这里包括三个短字符串。
I’m just going to include three short strings here.
让我们只做“aa”,“bb”和“cc”
Let’s just do “aa,” “bb,” and “cc.”
我可以让Python随机选择其中一个。
I can ask Python to pick one of these uniformly at random.
因此Python并不关心这些对象的性质。
So Python doesn’t care about the nature of these objects.
对于任何类型的对象,随机的工作方式都是一样的。
Random works just the same way for any type of object.


 上一篇
Modules and Methods 模块和方法 Modules and Methods 模块和方法
1.1.3: Modules and Methods 模块和方法让我们谈谈模块。Let’s talk a little bit about modules.Python模块是代码库,您可以使用import语句导入Python模块。Pytho
下一篇 
Numbers and Basic Calculations 数字和基本计算 Numbers and Basic Calculations 数字和基本计算
1.1.4: Numbers and Basic Calculations 数字和基本计算数字是Python中的一种对象类型。Numbers are one type of object in Python.实际上,Python提供了三种不
  目录